Animal Production / Article / Climate Change / CRP7 / Environment / Geodata / ILRI / ILRIComms / Integrated Sciences / Intensification / Livestock Systems / LSE / PA / Policy

The roads not taken: Should 1bn overfed people eat less meat? Or 1bn hungry farmers become more efficient?

The Butcher, by Marc Chagall, 1910 (via Wikipaintings). Should you become vegetarian to help mitigate against global warming? Well, you could, or you might try just eating less meat, if you’re one of some 1 billion people chronically eating too much food. On the other hand, you might try helping some 1 billion small-scale livestock … Continue reading

Animal Production / Article / Climate Change / CRP7 / Environment / Geodata / ILRI / ILRIComms / Integrated Sciences / Intensification / Livestock Systems / LSE / PA / Policy

Yet more evidence that agriculture–particularly livestock agriculture–needs to be part of climate discussions

The farmyard, by Marc Chagall, 1954 (via Wikipaintings). Without big interventions, the future of food security looks bleak. So says an article in One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World Website. The clear message from . . . the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report is the urgent need for farmers to adapt to a changing … Continue reading

Animal Production / Article / Climate Change / CRP7 / Environment / Geodata / ILRI / ILRIComms / Integrated Sciences / Intensification / Livestock Systems / LSE / PA / Policy

Research shows vast differences in livestock systems, diets and emissions–FCRN on PNAS paper

Tara Garnet, of the Food Climate Research Network (FCRN), at Oxford University, recently highlighted a paper published recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The paper, Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems, is written by livestock scientists at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI, Kenya) and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO, Australia). Continue reading

Animal Production / Article / Climate Change / CRP7 / Environment / Food security / ILRI / ILRIComms / Integrated Sciences / Kenya / Livestock Systems / LSE / PA / Policy

What livestock eat (and don’t eat) determines how productive, and efficient, they are–PNAS study

Napier grass (aka ‘elephant grass’), a major feed supplement for dairy cows and other ruminant animals in Kenya (photo credit: Jeff Haskins). Even though research has shown that [greenhouse gas] GHG emissions from the Western world far outweigh those from the developing world, livestock keeping methods in Africa are increasingly becoming a key subject. Europe, … Continue reading

ASSP / Climate Change / CRP7 / Environment / FBS / ILRI / ILRIComms / Integrated Sciences / Intensification / PA / Report

Reducing climate change through livestock: FAO report

A farm in Bangladesh with just enough room for one cow, which, adequately fed and cared for, efficiently produces enough milk for household consumption and manure for maintaining a small garden plot and fish pond (photo on Flickr by WorldFish). ‘Farmers could earn more and protect the environment by using technologies and practices that reduce … Continue reading

Climate Change / CRP7 / India / PA / South Asia

India fights curbs on livestock-generated greenhouse gas emissions at Doha

Girdhai Lal Jat herds his cattle through the village of Nagar, in Tonk District, Rajasthan, India, to water (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann). ‘At the United Nations climate talks in Doha this week, India opposed any move that would require developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. ‘With an estimated 485 million cattle, goat, … Continue reading

Agriculture / Climate Change / CRP7 / Food security / ILRI / PA / Report

Farmers across the globe will have to switch to climate-hardy crops and farming–CGIAR report

Taking a young goat to market at Mieso, in the Mirab Hararghe Zone of the Oromia Region, Ethiopia (photo credit: ILRI/Apollo Habtamu). Nature News reports on a new CGIAR study that says ‘One-third of our greenhouse gas emissions come from agriculture’ and advises farmers to abandon vulnerable crops in the face of climate change. ‘The global … Continue reading

Climate Change / Directorate / ILRI / Launch / PA / Pastoralism

Fund opens to support research helping pastoral livestock herders mitigate greenhouse gas emissions

‘A competitive, international fund for research on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from pastoral farming is now open for applications. ‘Agriculture Minister David Carter announced the NZ$25 million Fund for Global Partnerships in Livestock Emissions Research at the inaugural ministerial meeting of the Global Research Alliance in Rome in June. ‘The Fund draws on the NZ$45 … Continue reading

Animal Production / Australia / Climate Change / Environment / Livestock

CSIRO research to reduce methane emissions from livestock

Australia’s CSIRO is undertaking an extensive research program focused on developing practical solutions for significantly reducing methane emissions from livestock such as sheep and cattle. Incorporating research at the cellular, animal, and landscape levels, it is working on three related projects: Microbiological research to understand methane production in the rumen and to develop biological methods for reducing this … Continue reading

Animal Production / Climate Change / Environment / ILRI / Livestock / PLE

Greenhouse gases in animal agriculture – Finding a balance between food production and emissions

The June 2011 special issue of Animal Feed Science and Technology is focused on ‘Greenhouse Gases in Animal Agriculture – Finding a Balance between Food and Emissions’. The special issues summarizes papers presented at the Greenhouse Gases (GHG) in Animal Agriculture Conference in Banff (Alberta, Canada) in October of 2010. The conference had over 400 … Continue reading