Livestock is an important sub-sector within Ethiopia’s economy in terms of its contributions to both agricultural value-added and national GDP. Between 1995/96 and 2005/06, it averaged 24% of agricultural GDP and 11% of national GDP.
At the household level, livestock are crucial to the lives of pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, and smallholder farm households; they help to cope with shocks, accumulate wealth, and serve as a store of value in the absence of formal financial institutions and other missing markets. They also provide nutritious food, additional emergency and cash income, transportation, farm outputs and inputs, and fuels for cooking food.
This working paper from the Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP) of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) characterizes the livestock subsector, assesses livestock and livestock product value chains based on primary data and analyzes the trends in marketing and trade of live animals and animal products.
Visit the ESSP slideshare account for further presentations from its livestock work: