The July-August issue of ‘Livestock Matter(s)’ provides a round-up of livestock development news, publications, presentations, images and upcoming events from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and its partners. Download a print version or sign up to get Livestock Matter(s) in your mailbox each month.
ILRI turns 40 – Join us at an ILRI@40 event!
In 2014, to mark 40 years of its international research, ILRI is facilitating a series of events that bring together global, regional and local actors in sustainable livestock development, including farmers, the public and private sectors and research and development agencies. The main event is a two-day high-level conference on ‘Livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives’ in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 6-7 Nov 2014.
Gerardine Mukeshimana, BecA-ILRI Hub plant researcher, appointed minister of agriculture and animal resources in Rwanda
Gerardine Mukeshimana, a plant researcher working at the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub in Nairobi, Kenya, was, in Jul 2014, appointed minister of agriculture and animal resources in Rwanda.
Scottish and Kenyan scientists in new alliance to improve animal breeding and health in developing countries
Challenges faced by livestock farmers in tropical developing countries are the focus of a new alliance involving researchers from Scotland and Africa. The University of Edinburgh and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) have joined forces with ILRI in Kenya to launch the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, which will initially focus on the use of genetic information to improve the health and productivity of farmed animals in tropical climates.
New mobile project to tackle malnutrition in Africa and Asia
More than three million people in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia will soon be able to access nutrition and health information using mobile technology as part of a new project to help tackle malnutrition. The GSMA Mobile for Development Foundation has appointed a CABI-led consortium as the global content provider to the mNutrition initiative – a UK Department For International Development (DFID)-funded project. The consortium comprises CABI, BMJ, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), ILRI and Oxfam GB.
Smallholder livestock production and greenhouse gases: getting the bigger picture in assessing the estimates
A paper published June by scientists from Wageningen University and ILRI explores how to account for multi-functionality within the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to assess the contribution of livestock production to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study argues that farmers’ perspectives on cattle and their functions should always be taken into account when assessing the carbon footprints of mixed smallholder dairying.
New studies on MERS coronavirus and camels in eastern Africa published
A research group from the University of Bonn, in Germany and collaborators from ILRI and Kenyan partners have published new research in the science journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, which shows that camels in Egypt, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan have antibodies to the coronavirus that causes the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
Dairying: A way out of poverty
For many poor households in Ethiopia, dairying is considered a powerful pathway out of poverty. The Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project is facilitating market linkages between farmers, marketing cooperatives and large institutional milk consumers to help improve marketing of dairy products. LIVES is also testing improved dairy technologies such as simplified corn silage using plastic bags.
Lessons from research: Delivering results from FoodAfrica
Experts from different scientific fields and international research organizations shared their expertise on food and nutrition security at a FoodAfrica midterm seminar held at the University of Helsinki, Finland in June. Karen Marshall and Stanly Tebug shared experiences from the ILRI-led FoodAfrica programme ‘Senegal Dairy Genetics’.
Establishing a new joint lab for animal health research with China
The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) and ILRI are working to establish a joint laboratory for research on ruminant diseases, building on a CAAS-ILRI joint laboratory on livestock and forage genetic resources in Beijing that was established in 2005. The new facility will be located in the Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute (LVRI) in China.
Mending our food systems: Upstream and downstream research must work together
Future food security will be achieved by exploiting the power of ‘new biosciences’. The new biosciences include genomics (the study of the structure, function, evolution and mapping of all the heritable traits of an organism), immunology and vaccinology (the science or methodology of vaccine bio-informatics. This advice to marry up- and downstream research was given by Iain Wright, the interim deputy director general for Integrated Sciences at ILRI in an interview published by International Innovation magazine in June 2014.
ILRI and CTA to host African dairy value chain seminar in September 2014
On 21-24 September 2014, ILRI together with the Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) will host an African Dairy Value Chain Seminar. The seminar organizers seek to build a discussion around gender issues, and specifically invite contributions on ‘policy-relevant experiences and tools that facilitate a gender-equitable participation of actors in the dairy value chain’. Contributions on policy-relevant experiences and tools that facilitate a gender-equitable participation of actors in the dairy value chain are welcomed.
ILRI food safety researchers present on health impacts of aflatoxins in animal-source foods
In August, as part of knowledge exchange on the latest research developments in the area of aflatoxins and food safety, Delia Grace and Johanna Lindahl, food safety researchers from ILRI, presented on ‘aflatoxins, animal health and the safety of animal-source foods’ at a virtual briefing organized by the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development, a network of 37 bilateral donors, multilateral agencies and international financing institutions working to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable rural development.
Filling the milk glass: East African farmers to gain from new recording device
ILRI researchers from the Dairy Genetics East Africa project and other partners have developed ‘Ng’ombe Planner’, a tool that will help in collecting farm productivity data by enabling farmers to enter their own records of livestock production activities. The mobile phone-based tool, which uses the Android, Java and USSD applications, will help farmers take charge of their own production recording and should lead to improved farm data collection.
A short history of the ‘live’ vaccine protecting Africa’s cattle against East Coast fever
On 2o and 21 August, scientists and directors of ILRI hosted a two-day meeting with GALVmed and other stakeholders (researchers, vaccinators, distributors, regulators) involved in the production and deployment of a ‘live’ vaccine that protects cattle in Africa against East Coast fever.
Maize stover: A potential green fodder in Ethiopia
Maize is a major food crop in the lowlands and mid-highlands of Ethiopia, but its stover is not utilized efficiently as animal feed, particularly in rain-fed maize production systems. The Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) Project is supporting farmer groups in Ethiopia to start fodder processing and conservation businesses.
New ILRI report assesses risk of Ebola in Uganda’s pig value chain
In July scientists from ILRI have published a report of a risk assessment to determine the threat of the deadly Ebola virus in the pig value chain in Uganda.
Land pressure drives hunt for resilient livestock genes in East Africa, world congress told
Scientists from ILRI presented various papers from on-going livestock genetics research at the 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production held in Vancouver, BC, Canada, on 17-22 August 2014.
EU pledges Sh20b for livestock development in 23 arid Kenyan counties
The European Union (EU) has pledged to channel over Ksh20 billion (USD 226 million) to 23 counties situated in arid and semi-arid lands ( ASAL) areas for livestock development, to address food insecurity. The initiative has partially funded two livestock markets in East Pokot and Baringo County. The money was released by the EU, ILRI and Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV).
Mapping the web of disease in Nairobi’s invisible city
Scientists from ILRI and the University of Nairobi are carrying out research, in Nairobi’s informal settlements, that is searching for pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella in the food chain. This is part an international study that is seeks to understand the origin and spread of zoonotic pathogens that can spread from animals to humans.
Guardian article highlights success of volunteer farmer trainers in East Africa dairy project
In August, the Guardian’s farming and food security hub published an article on how the East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) project is successfully working with volunteer farmer trainers to improve milk production in East Africa.
African Livestock Futures: Realizing the potential of livestock for food security, poverty reduction and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa
‘The African Livestock Futures Study investigating plausible trajectories for African livestock up to 2050’, indicates potential for growth in livestock production and demand in Africa, contributing greatly to wealth, employment, economic growth as well as to the resilience and productivity of producers’ livelihoods, and to the food security, nutrition and sustainable development of all.
CGIAR news-updates from research programs we work in
Update on ‘Maziwa Zaidi’ — Tanzania dairy value chain development program
On 25 and 26 June, partners in the Tanzania dairy value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years.
Arguing the case for massive investments in ‘One Health’
A recently published paper by Delia Grace, a veterinary epidemiologist and food safety expert at ILRI, outlines a pathway to develop the business case for One Health, which can transform the management of neglected and emerging zoonoses, annually saving the lives of millions of people as well as hundreds of millions of animals whose production supports and nourishes billions of poor people.
Research to influence policy: Taking dryland ecosystems research beyond the shelves
Lance Robinson, an environmental governance and resilience scientist at ILRI recently produced a policy brief in a collaborative process that involved working with seven selected stakeholders from the natural resource management sector in Kenya. The four-page policy brief ‘Framework for natural resource governance in dryland landscapes in Kenya: Making ecosystem-based management a reality’, shares key policy options for governance of ecosystems in the drylands of Kenya based on a case study of an assessment of the Mt Marsabit ecosystem in northern Kenya
ACIAR newsletter highlights ILRI project on risk assessment for improved food safety in Vietnam
The July issue of Partners magazine, the flagship publication of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), features an article on an ACIAR-funded project led by ILRI that uses a risk assessment approach towards improving the safety of pig and pork value chains in Vietnam.
Gender flagship achievements in the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain
At the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop held on 13-14 June at the ILRI Addis Ababa campus, the gender flagship theme of the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program reviewed the past year’s achievements and future plans.
Recommendation for accessing finance for livestock and dairy value chains in developing countries
In July an ILRI organized discussion at the Fin4Ag Conference in Nairobi gave recommendation for increasing access to financial products and services relevant to livestock and dairy value chains in African-Carribbean-Pacific countries. Recommendations included developing capacities in technical and managerial practices for farmers and SMEs; understanding the complexity of local livestock chain contexts for service providers, financial actors and policymakers and identifying credible spaces in which to gather relevant information on the value chain.
ILRI gives ‘one health’ training to support pig health project in the Philippines
On 30-31 July, Fred Unger, a veterinary epidemiologist and Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM) expert with ILRI, visited the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) project site in Pampanga, Philippines and served as a resource speaker for a ‘seminar on ecohealth and one health’.
Nicaragua’s dual-purpose cattle value chain: Strategy and implementation planning workshop
On August 5 and 6, 2014, the Livestock and Fish team conducted a Livestock and Fish Strategy and Implementation Planning Workshop for the Dual-Purpose Cattle Value Chain (DPVC) in Managua, Nicaragua.
Knowledge clearinghouse gives research methods and best practices on value chain performance
Value chain development and assessment is at the heart of the livestock and fish research program. In the past three years, a useful collaboration has been created with the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) to develop, test and refine various tools a and approaches to our value chain work.
Living from milk: Dairy innovation platform experiences from Tanzania
In recent years the Program in Tanzania – focused on dairy development – is linking up with different local and national stakeholders. One of the most promising partnerships has been with the Tanga Dairy Platform. To learn from the platform’s experiences, we recently produced three photo films telling stories from platform stakeholders.
Update on Ethiopia small ruminant value chain development program
On 13 and 14 June, partners in the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years. Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA value chain leader gave an update of progress so far in the value chain development program.
Burkina Faso strategic implementation planning workshop collects stakeholder inputs
On 14 and 15 July, ILRI staff and partners in the Burkina Faso small ruminant value chain project met to develop programmatic and operational elements of a strategic implementation plan for the Livestock and Fish program.
In this edition we feature a presentation by Vish Nene on ‘East Coast fever-outlook for a new vaccine’ presented at a workshop on the distribution, delivery and improvement of the infection and treatment method vaccine for East Coast fever.
- Bio-banking and metagenomics platforms for pathogen discovery at ILRI
- Willingness to pay for Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia vaccination in Narok South District of Kenya
- Control of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices in Narok District of Kenya
- Scenario planning for community development in Vietnam: a new tool for integrated health approaches?
- Novel Theileria genotypes from wildlife in a Theileria parva—Endemic area in Kenya
- Aqueous Productivity: An enhanced productivity indicator for water
- Goat research in Ethiopia: Review of projects
- Communications and knowledge management
- Assessing health risk due to exposure to arsenic in drinking water in Hanam Province, Vietnam
- Azizi biorepository: Challenges and opportunities
- Control of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices in Narok District of Kenya
- Ebola risk assessment in the pig value chain in Uganda
- Exploring farmer preferences for contagious pleuropneumonia vaccination: A case study in Narok District of Kenya
- Framework for natural resource governance in dryland landscapes in Kenya: Making ecosystem-based management a reality
- Quantitative trait loci associated with drought tolerance in common bean
- Safe food, Fair food: From capacity building to implementation. Risk-based approaches to improving food safety and market access in smallholder meat, milk and fish value chains in four African countries
- Use of the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA) of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Living from milk: Transforming dairying in Tanzania; This 3:47-minute film tells the story of Faustina Akyoo, a dairy farmer from Tanga in Tanzania, who talks about the benefits of dairying and being a member of the Tanga Dairy Platform.
ILRI under the lens
This issue features photos of the ILRI Nairobi campus farm.
- Sep 16-19: 39th World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress , Cape Town, South Africa
- Sep 16-18: 15th IADG meeting on pro-poor livestock research for development, Seattle,USA
- Sep 16-18: Livestock Biotech Summit: Developing Global Solutions Through Animal Biotechnology, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
- Sep 23-26: 5th GFRAS Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
- Sep 22-24: Feeding Innovation – Stocktaking workshop on a Feed Innovation Toolkit for Livestock in the tropics, Đắk Lắk, Vietnam
- Sep 24-26:10th African Dairy Conference and Exhibition, Nairobi, Kenya
- Sep 29-Oct 3: FAO Committee on Agriculture, FAO, Rome, Italy
- Oct 1: ILRI@40 event, Nairobi, Kenya.
- Oct 3-10: Agriculture Biotechnology International Conference, Saskatoon, Canada
- Oct 7-10: Global Agenda for Action on sustainable livestock development multi-stakeholder platform meeting, Cali, Colombia
- Oct 8 -10: ReSAKSS annual conference: Promoting Agricultural Trade to Enhance Resilience, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
- Oct 15 -17: 2014 Borlaug Dialogue, Des Moines, Iowa, United States
- Oct 15 -17: Asian Society of Agricultural Economists 8th International Congress, Savar, Bangladesh
- Oct 16: World Food Day
- Oct 27 -30: 6th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture: Africa’s Animal Agriculture: Macro-trends and future, Nairobi, Kenya
- Oct 27 -30: IDF World Dairy Summit, Tel Aviv, Israel
In July and August we welcomed the following staff:
- Mwansa Songe, epidemiologist/ food safety expert, Food Safety and Zoonoses Program
- Victor Riitho, post doc molecular immunologist, Biosciences Program
- Amos Ssematimba, scientist – mathematical modelling, Biosciences Program,
- Kindu Mekonnen, crop livestock systems scientist, Africa RISING Program
- Theodore Knight-Jones, epidemiologist/ food safety expert, Food Safety and Zoonoses Program
- Julius Osaso, diagnostic platform manager, BecA-ILRI Hub
- Everlyne Nyakundi, refrigeration and air conditioning technician, Engineering
- George Kikoyo, program accountant, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
- Dorine Odongo, communications and knowledge management specialist, Livestock Systems and Environment/Livelihoods, Gender and Impact Program
- Silas Ongudi, research assistant, Policy, Trade and Value Chains Program
- Violet Barasa, research technician, Gender, Livelihoods, Gender and Impact Program
- Millicent Liani, research technician, Gender, Livelihoods, Gender and Impact Program
- Solomon Mutua, communications assistant, Livestock Systems and Environment Program
- Elijah Mwaura, research technician, Livelihoods, Gender and Impact Program
- Caroline Kanyuuru, research technician, Livelihoods, Gender and Impact Program
- Elvira Omondi, Program Management Officer, Biosciences
We said goodbye to
- Margaret MacDonald-Levy, , People and Organizational Development
- Suzanne Bertrand, Biosciences
- Caroline Kasyoka Nzui, ICT
- Anne Awino Odhiambo, People and Organizational Development
- Jeridah Kwamboka Sinange, EOHS
- Robert Ilmedimi Lechipan, Finance
- Rose Nduta Mute, Finance
- John Ajode Juma, Finance
- Albert Mwangi, Bio-Innovate Program
- Nixon Bandi Witere, Finance