The rise of ‘superbugs’ presents a nightmare scenario—the beginning of the end of modern medicine
Agri-Health / AMR / Article / Disease Control / Human Health / Policy

The rise of ‘superbugs’ presents a nightmare scenario—the beginning of the end of modern medicine

Lethal bacteria are showing resistance to more and more antibiotics, and financial and legal hurdles are making it harder than ever for science to create effective new drugs. . . . The arsenal of antibiotics is nearly empty. And significant financial and legal hurdles are getting in the way of the already challenging process of discovering effective new ones. Continue reading

A4NH / Agri-Health / Article / Disease Control / Emerging Diseases / Epidemiology / FSZ / Geodata / Human Health / ILRI

Livestock in poor countries need drugs to stay alive and productive, but how to avoid the rise of ‘super bugs’?

Developing-country livestock keepers need more and better drugs to keep their animals alive and productive, and there are increasing numbers of livestock in the South, where there is increasing use of antimicrobial drugs, and poor livestock keepers will be hurt the most by development in pathogens of antimicrobial resistance. So what’s needed to avoid ‘super bugs’ arising? A new PNAS paper has this to say. Continue reading

A4NH / Africa / Agri-Health / Article / Books and chapters / Brucellosis / Consumption / Disease Control / Emerging Diseases / Food Safety / FSZ / Human Health / ILRI / Launch / Markets

Local vendors, not supermarkets, are key to Africa’s food security

Simple food safety training for informal vendors can limit the spread of SARS, avian influenza, tuberculosis and pathogens such as salmonella and E. coli, said the book, “Food safety and informal markets: Animal products in sub-Saharan Africa”. Continue reading

A4NH / Agri-Health / Animal Diseases / Disease Control / Emerging Diseases / ILRI / Project / Report / Zoonotic Diseases

New findings of human-animal disease burden carried by world’s poor–IRIN and Reuters

This transmission electron micrograph (TEM) depicted a number of Nipah virus virions that had been isolated from a patient’s cerebrospinal fluid. Nipah virus, related but not identical to Hendra virus, was initially isolated in 1999 upon examining samples from an outbreak of encephalitis and respiratory illness among adult men in Malaysia and Singapore (image credit: Microbe … Continue reading

Animal Breeding / Animal Feeding / China / Genetics / Intensification / Pigs / Poultry / Trade / USA

Exporting American livestock genetics to China: Grain to follow?

Min piglets at the experimental station at the Institute for Animal Science, in Beijing, China (photo credit: ILRI/Stevie Mann). America is breeding farm animals for China, Reuters and the New York Times report, to supply China with more meat. ‘. . . In a country where pork is a staple, the demand for a protein-rich … Continue reading

A4NH / Agri-Health / Animal Diseases / Animal Health / Bird flu / Directorate / Disease Control / Emerging Diseases / Epidemiology / Film and video / Human Health / ILRI / Zoonotic Diseases

ILRI scientists put livestock squarely on the (human) health table

For the November 2011 ‘liveSTOCK Exchange’ event at ILRI, Delia Grace will lead a one-hour session on some of the urgent, complex and fascinating issues at the interface of human and animal health … Watch this 3-minute photofilm with commentary by Delia Grace and small-scale butchers and consumers interviewed along Langata Road in Nairobi, Kenya. Dying … Continue reading

Drought / East Africa / Eritrea / Ethiopia / Food Security / Kenya / Pastoralism / Vulnerability

Where people are starving, and where they are not, reflects more on African leaders than on the climate–Mark Malloch-Brown

The landscape of Tigray, Ethiopia, which was the centre of famine in that country 25 years ago but is now managing to remain food secure due to years of agricultural and other investments (photo on Flickr by hhesterr). Mark Malloch-Brown is in good, and candid, form in an opinion piece in Reuters published yesterday. ‘. … Continue reading

Animal Feeding / Europe / UK

Changing diets for cows, sheep could cut their emissions of methane, a greenhouse gas

A sheep grazing on grass in West Yorkshire (photo credit: Richard Carter’s Flickr Photostream). Reuters reports this week that research funded by the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) shows that changing the diets of the country’s cows and sheep could reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases, which cause global warming. ‘Feeding … Continue reading

Africa / Agriculture / Books and chapters / East Africa / Kenya / Research / Tanzania / Uganda

‘New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa’ launched by five East African heads of state

The 12th Ordinary Summit of the Heads of State of the East African Community is taking place today, 3 December 2010, at the Ngurdoto Mountain Lodge, Arusha, Tanzania. President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania and current chairman of the summit, as well as presidents Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi, Mwai Kibaki of Kenya, … Continue reading

Drought / East Africa / Food Security / ILRI / Insurance / Kenya

Satellites to help Kenyans insure against drought

Satellites measuring the greenness of Kenya from space are set to help insure livestock herders against droughts and mitigate the effects of climate change, experts said Friday. “This is a new approach to tackle an old problem,” Carlos Seré, director general of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), said of the satellite-based insurance for cattle, … Continue reading